Online First Aid Course

Our CPR/AED courses include Adult, Child and Infant techniques. Additionally, our CPR certification course includes training on the use of an Automated External Defibrillator (AED). The CPR/AED certification is valid for 2 years.

Chapter 22: Muscle, Bone and Joint Emergencies

This emergency occurs when a muscle, bone or joint moves in a direction that it is not supposed to go. This movement can lead to broken bones, sprains, fractures and other injuries.

Falling, tripping
Motor vehicle accidents
Running, walking, exercise
Sports, physical activity
Sudden impact

Signs and Symptoms:
Bruising and swelling
Bone fragment(s) sticking out
Coldness, numbness
Discoloration (blue)
Inability to use the affected part normally
Snapping or popping sound at time of injury

Common Emergency Example(s):

Fracture / Broken Bone:
A fracture is a complete break, a chip or a crack in the bone. An open fracture involves an open wound, and is when a bone end tears through the skin. An open fracture is more dangerous and severe. However, a closed fracture is more common.

First Aid Fracture Broken Bone

A dislocation is the movement of a bone at a joint from its normal position. When the bone is moved out of place, the joint no longer functions. Usually dislocations happen at the shoulder, elbow, wrist, jaw and hip.

Sprain / Strain:
A sprain is the tearing of the ligaments at a joint. Sprains mostly occur at the ankle, knee, wrist and fingers. A strain is the stretching and tearing of a muscle. They usually occur in the neck, back, thigh, or the back of the lower leg.

Use RICE method when dealing with a sprain or strain:

First Aid Sprain Strain