Chapter 19: Allergy Emergencies - American CPR Care Association

Online First Aid Course

Our CPR/AED courses include Adult, Child and Infant techniques. Additionally, our CPR certification course includes training on the use of an Automated External Defibrillator (AED). The CPR/AED certification is valid for 2 years.

Home » Chapter 19: Allergy Emergencies

Chapter 19: Allergy Emergencies

Defined :

When a person has an allergy, he or she experiences an immune response to a substance that is usually not harmful. An allergy emergency may occur if a person is exposed to this allergen. An allergic reaction may become severe if not treated in a timely manner.

Causes :

People may be allergic to a variety of different things such as:

Animals (i.e., cats, dogs)
Ant bites
Bee stings
Medication (i.e., penicillin)
Pollen, dust, mold
Specific plants / chemicals in plants
Wasp stings

Signs and Symptoms :

Itchy skin
Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea (stomach pain)
Rash, hives, redness
Signs of shock
Stuffy nose, sneezing
Swelling of the tongue and face
Troubled breathing

Common Emergency Example(s) :

This is a severe, life-threatening allergic reaction. It occurs suddenly, and within seconds or minutes after contact with the allergen.

A reaction of troubled breathing can cause obstructions in the airway and even lead to shock. Anaphylaxis requires immediate medical treatment, including the epinephrine injection and a trip to the hospital.


First Aid Actions / Treatment :

  1. Assess the scene and check for your safety.
  2. Activate EMS (Call 9-1-1).
  3. Get a First Aid kit if available.
  4. Many people that have an allergy carry an epinephrine pen. If the person responds, and has an epinephrine pen, help him get it. The person should know how to use it and can administer himself if necessary. If you are allowed to use an epinephrine pen, ask for consent and administer the injection.
  5. Rub the spot for 10 seconds, dispose of the injection properly and record what time the shot was given.
  6. If necessary, provide CPR. If you do not know how, give Hands-Only CPR.

American CPR Care Association is rated 4.7 out of 5 based on 48,237 ratings.
All content Copyright 2024 © – American CPR Care Association. All rights reserved.