It is just a fact. Infants, children, and adults have various needs in terms of CPR. First of all, the physiological makeup of a child or an infant is more fragile than that of adults. This is why you need to take CPR courses online to know that the techniques you should use on infants or children are different from the ones you use with adults.
Let us discuss the important things you should do in the CPR techniques you should do with these three age groups. After reading this, you will clearly see the difference.
#1 – Adult CPR
Like children and infants, adults can also experience choking, drowning, and physical injury. But, there is one thing that adults experience more often. It is cardiac arrest. When an adult goes into cardiac arrest, they need to be given immediate CPR.
First, a call to an emergency dispatch unit should be made. If you are alone, call them first before you administer CPR. If there are other people, start CPR immediately and instruct the bystanders to make the call.
Next, observe the surroundings to ensure safety. Then, check for vital signs. When the vital signs are alarming, start CPR. The first thing you need to do is give compressions. Today, the AHA suggests that CPR could be hands-only. So, do rescue breaths when very necessary.
#2 – Child CPR
Children have softer bones compared to adults. The tongue would also be larger compared to their mouths. Because of this, they are more prone to blocked airways.
The techniques are pretty similar to adult CPR. However, there are a few differences. First, the CPR should come first before a call is made to the emergency response unit. When CPR is administered immediately, their chance of surviving is much higher.
Also, rescue breaths may be necessary for children but they should be done more cautiously. This is because they have airways that are more fragile than those of the adults. The key here is gentleness. A child must be attended with more gentleness and care.
When an AED is available, use child pads if applicable.
#3 – Infant CPR
Obviously, they are a lot more fragile than the children aging one to eight years old. This is why extreme care should be provided when administering CPR to them. They have the most delicate and soft bones so compressions must not be jerky.
The very first thing that you need to do is to check if the baby is conscious or not. Checking for an adult’s consciousness is normally done by shaking his or her shoulders. This is not advisable for children. A gentle stroke or a simple tap to the soles of a baby is enough. If the baby is not responding, they may be unconscious.
It is also imperative that you administer CPR first before calling the emergency professionals. Additionally, like the things taught to you in CPR courses online, be extra gentle while providing compressions and rescue breaths. Remember to use just two fingers during compressions versus interlacing your fingers when administering Adult CPR.
Take an Online CPR Course to learn more about the difference in depth of compressions and caring for choking adults versus caring for choking infants.