CPR or cardiopulmonary resuscitation has become a household term. This is one of the first life-saving techniques taught to anybody who might have a call to use it. Not only is it simple enough for children to learn, it’s also powerful enough to save lives. Far too many people underestimate the impact that CPR can have in an emergency situation. It allows for the continuity of oxygen to the brain, decreasing the chance of brain damage and keeping people alive longer. It’s often used as an intermediary between the time of the actual emergency and the arrival of more skilled medical personnel. Even if you aren’t completely confident in your CPR skills, you can still provide chest compressions until someone better trained can take over. The longer you can keep blood circulating through the body, the less likely there is to be permanent damage to the injured person.
Any time that you come upon a person, or see someone fall and become unresponsive, it’s extremely important to check their vitals. Tap their shoulder and ask them if they’re okay to see if they will respond. If there is no response, you will need to begin CPR. CPR is the most basic of life-saving methods, and something that everyone should know a little bit about. There are usually CPR and basic aid classes available in community centers and hospitals in your area.
If you’re a working adult, or you don’t live near a place that provides these types of classes, it may be a good idea to look into online CPR courses. With an online course, you have access to all of the necessary materials to learn the proper and updated way to perform CPR and other medical techniques. After studying and committing the information to memory, you’ll be asked to take a test. After you’ve completed this test with a passing score, you will be awarded your CPR certificate.
Whether you are just learning CPR, or it’s been a long time since you’ve updated your information, it’s important to remember the three basic steps:
This is the most basic of the CPR steps, and one that everyone should be familiar with. The first step is to make sure that the person can be moved onto a flat and hard surface. Next, you need to find the area directly between the person’s nipples. Place one hand here and then cover it with your other hand. Straighten your arms and lock your elbows, and lean over placing your shoulders above your hands. To complete the compressions, you need to interlace the fingers and allow your body weight to push down on your hands up to 2 inches in depth. These compressions should be repeated up to 120 times a minute. If this seems like a lot, that’s because it is. This can be very tiring, so you may need to ask for help from someone nearby. Even if you don’t know how the rest of CPR works, this is an important step to get started.
Open the Airway
If you have training in CPR, the next step is to open the airway. This simply involves tilting the head back by placing one hand on the forehead, and straightening out the airway. This gives the best possible access to the lungs.
This is the most advanced step, and requires the rescuer to form an airtight seal around the mouth and provide two rescue breaths for every 30 compressions. If you aren’t sure of how to complete this step, don’t try it.
When you’re dealing with an emergency situation, it’s always better to do something than to stand by helplessly. So, these above steps will definitely help you perform CPR if any emergency occurs.