Emergencies often occur right before us where we are required to give basic first aid assistance. Having knowledge on which first aid steps to take helps one to save lives and also reduce tension in the scene.
By administering immediate first aid care when an emergency arises can enable you to help an injured victim before certified professionals arrive at the scene to take full control. You may also save a life by administering first aid. However, even after successful training and course completion of CPR and first aid online classes, certified persons often forget the steps and how to administer them correctly. In order to increase remembrance one is encouraged to take part in many training sessions and demos on how to administer first aid steps. It is also good to find out a guide on delivering basic first aid care and print it to carry wherever you go.
What to do before Administering First Aid
Before administering the first aid steps, there are factors to consider first. It is advisable to take some time to assess the emergency scene and try to develop some answers to questions such as:
- What happened at the scene?
- How many people have been involved?
- Is the place safe to enter?
- What is your initial impression of the nature of the injured person?
- Is anyone available to help?
If the victim is awake and there is no evidence of severe bleeding-
- Obtain the consent of the person by informing them your name and plans to offer them care
- Obtain a first aid kit
- Use the appropriate self-defense mechanisms i.e. put on gloves
- Interview the victim and assess sign and symptoms that may be experienced, allergies and medication history should also be established
- Conduct a body check on the victim’s body for any signs of injury
- Provide basic assistance based on your assessment of the situation
If the victim appears unresponsive:
Shout the person’s name out to get the attention. If no response is noted tap the person’s shoulders while calling out their name. Check the person’s breathing for not more than 10 seconds.
If the victim is breathing:
Loosen any tight clothing on the patient’s body including belts and ties. Call emergency numbers and request for help. Conduct a body check on the patient. Put the patient into recovery position by rolling him to the side.
If the patient is not breathing:
Call emergency numbers, inform them of the situation and the location of the incidence, and ask for professional help. Ensure the patient is in a safe and open place for full air circulation. Begin administering CPR immediately. Start with chest compressions as you observe the victim’s reaction. Proceed with rescue breaths to ensure the person gains breathing. If there is another person around, call for their help in administering CPR. It is advisable to stop administering the CPR if the area becomes unsafe or if you can’t continue because of exhaustion.
Taking CPR and first aid online classes equip you with knowledge on how to save a life during an emergency by administering first aid.